Mohsen Makhmalbafمحسن مخملباف

مشخصات محسن مخملباف
Mohsen Makhmalbaf
نام : محسن مخملباف
محل زندگی :
تاریخ تولد : May 29, 1957     (‏ هشتم خرداد 1336‎)
محل تولد : Tehran,Iran
حرفه : بازیگر، تهیه کننده، فیلمنامه نویس، کارگردان و تدوینگر
زندگینامه محسن مخملباف
محسن مخملباف پیش از انقلاب ۱۳۵۷ بیش از چهار سال به علت فعالیت‌های سیاسی در زندان بوده‌ است. او عضو سازمان مجاهدین انقلاب اسلامی بود. پس از انقلاب آزاد می‌شود و به فعالیت‌های فرهنگی روی می‌آورد. مخملباف در حال حاضر به همراه همسرش، مرضیه مشکینی (همسر سابق وی فاطمه مشکینی خواهر مرضیه بر اثر آتش سوزی در گذشت)، و فرزندانش، سمیرا، حنا مخملباف و میثم مخملباف، خارج از ایران زندگی می‌کند. .محسن مخملباف در جنوب شهر تهران به دنیا آمد و به دلیل فقر خانوادگی از هشت تا هفده سالگی در سیزده شغل مختلف شاگردی و کارگری کرد تا مخارج خود و مادرش را تامین کند. او از سن پانزده سالگی در گروهی چریکی که خود تشکیل داده بود،به فعالیت سیاسی و مخفی پرداخت. در سن هفده سالگی در جریان عملیات خلع سلاح یک پلیس تیر خورد و دستگیر شد مجموعا مخملباف قبل ازانقلاب سال1357 بیش از چهار سال به علت فعالیت‌های سیاسی در زندان بوده‌ است. مخملباف بعد از انقلاب با شروع فعالیت حوزه هنری سازمان تبلیغات اسلامی در این سازمان مشغول به کار شد اولین فیلم او توبه نصوح نام داشت .

خانم فاطمه مشکینی همسر اول محسن مخملباف که مشوق اصلی او در فعالیتهای هنری خود بود در حادثه اتش سوزی فوت نمود و هم اکنون وی با همسر فعلی خود مرضیه مشکینی زندگی میکند.محسن مخملباف در فیلم کلوزاپ نمای نزدیک به کارگردانی عباس کیارستمی نقش خودش را بازی کرد . این فیلم درباره مردی بنام حسین سبزیان بود که خود را بنام مخملباف به خانواده‌ای معرفی کرده بوددر دهه شصت یکی از پرکارترین سینماگران بعد از انقلاب بود. در بین آثار او کمتر می توان شباهتی پیدا کرد. تنوع سلیقه و دیدگاه در یک یک فیلمهای او دیده می شوند و منتقدان هیچگاه نتوانستند شخصیت سینمایی مخملباف را بشناسند. چون او در فیلم به فیلم دیدگاهش ۱۸۰ درجه تغییر کرده است.
Mohsen Makhmalbaf's Biography
Mohsen Makhmalbaf is currently the president of the Asian Film Academy.
Makhmalbaf's films have been widely presented in international film festivals in the past ten years. The multi-award-winning director, belongs to the new wave movement of Iranian cinema. Time magazine selected Makhmalbaf's 2001 film, Kandahar, as one of top 100 films of all time. In 2006, he was a member of the Jury at the Venice film festival.

As of June 12, 2009, and following the events of the 2009 Iranian presidential election, Mohsen Makhmalbaf has claimed that he has been appointed the official spokesman of Mir-Hossein Moussavi's campaign abroad. This has been denied by Mousavi's official website.
Life

Makhmalbaf was born in mashhad on May 29, 1957. He began to support his single mother at the age of 8 and by the time he turned 17, he had worked as bellboy, plains worker and anything else he could find in the 13 jobs he went through. A youngster in the southern districts of Tehran, Mohsen formed an under-ground Islamic militia group when he was 15 and by the time he was 17, he was shot and arrested while attempting to disarm a policeman. Expecting to remain in prison for much longer, he was released from prison shortly after the revolution in 1979. The 4½-year incarceration helped him to educate himself in various fields and reflect on life and Iranian society. This intellectual renaissance led him to distance himself from politics and in favor of literature and the arts, especially cinema. He came to believe that Iranian society suffers more from cultural poverty than anything else.

Makhmalbaf became a writer and filmmaker in post-revolutionary Iran. His literary activities included research into the arts, novels, short stories and screenplays, some of them translated to English, French, Italian, Arabic, Urdu, Kurdish, Turkish, Korean, Portuguese, Greek, Russian, and Japanese. He wrote and directed 18 feature films and 6 short films, as well as writing screenplays and editing films for various other Iranian filmmakers. His films screened more than 100 times at international film festivals throughout the world, and earned many awards. In 1996 he temporarily abandoned his filmmaking career in order to teach. He formed the Makhmalbaf Film House in which he taught film to a select group of pupils including his own three children. He is currently conducting research for his upcoming film after several years of cinematic silence. His research for the movie Kandahar included traveling secretly to Afghanistan during the Taliban rule, where he witnessed the chaotic situation of the country, becoming so disturbed that, after the completion of the film, he took charge of executing 80 projects in a 2 year period on education and hygiene within Afghanistan as well as improving the living conditions of Afghan refugees in Iran. Many of Mohsen Makhmalbaf’s works have been censored and neglected in Iran.

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